Most sexually active college campus
Schools that participated in the survey included: Caltech, Texas A&M, Iowa State, University of Texas, Case Western, University of Florida, University of Pittsburgh, Purdue University, University of Arizona, Columbia University, Cornell University, Washington U. Louis, Ohio State, University of Minnesota, University of North Carolina, University of Oregon, University of Virginia, Brown University, Michigan State University, Harvard, University of Missouri, University of Pennsylvania, Dartmouth College, University of Wisconsin, Yale University, University of Southern California, and University of Michigan.
It found that more than 20% of female and 5% of male undergraduates said that they were victims of non-consensual sexual contact, defined as behaviors ranging from unwanted sexual touching or kissing to penetration, through either physical force or incapacitation, since entering college. While they noted that low response rates were only an indirect indicator of the reliability of the results, they found evidence that their estimates of sexual assaults may have been biased upward because respondents were more likely to have been assaulted than non-respondents.
As a result of non-reporting, sources that rely on police records or official crime reports, such as the FBI's Uniform Crime Reports, may underestimate the number of rapes and sexual assaults in a given year.
Sexual assault is any type of sexual contact or behavior that occurs without the explicit consent of the recipient.
Most respondents who reported sexual assault to the AAU said they did not report the incident to police or campus authorities because they did not consider the event “serious enough" to report, even when it included forced penetration.
Stuart Taylor Jr., a Brookings Institution fellow, remarked, "This most plausible explanation is that most of those classified by the survey as “victims” of sexual assault or rape did not really think that they had been sexually assaulted." KC Johnson, a Brooklyn College history professor who tracks college sexual assault issues, noted that if the AAU survey were taken literally, the rates "suggest a violent crime rate at most campuses higher than in any city in the country." Stuart Taylor Jr.
Falling under the definition of sexual assault are sexual activities as forced sexual intercourse, forcible sodomy, child molestation, incest, fondling, and attempted rape.
Sexual assault for higher education students occurs more frequently against women, but any gender can be victimized. While the rate of violent crime against higher education students aged 18–24 in the United States declined significantly from 1995 to 2002, the rates of rape and other sexual assault largely remained the same.